By Bradford Mills
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Extra info for Agricultural Research Priority Setting: Information Investments for the Improved Use of Research Resources
Purchase prices have also fallen significantly. For under US $1000 it is possible to purchase a Windows-based system such as ESRI’s ARC/VIEW or Clark University’s IDRISI. Furthermore, discounts are often available for organizations in developing countries and in teaching and research institutions. To be most flexible it is preferable to have both systems in order to manage and interface both vector and raster data. In terms of computer hardware, several of the GIS packages referred to above—ARC/INFO, ARC/VIEW, and ERDAS—have both workstation and personal computer (PC) versions.
Final lessons on criteria and measures Two basic lessons can be drawn for establishing priority-setting criteria and measures: 1. All agricultural research priority-setting criteria must be carefully and formally defined. Criteria must be logically linked to the research organization’s objectives and supported with credible and discriminating measures of the potential contribution of the various research alternatives. 2. The choice of measures depends on a number of factors, including the type of research alternatives under evaluation.
The primary goal of agricultural research is often to improve the welfare of citizens. Because resources for research are limited, they must be allocated to generate the largest possible benefits for both agricultural producers and consumers. Equity The equity criterion relates to the distribution of welfare benefits. , the poor). This is because research targeted to these groups may result in greater social welfare gains than similar monetary gains to other groups. Most people agree that government has a moral imperative to address equity objectives.