By Jessica Wang
No expert workforce within the usa benefited extra from global conflict II than the medical group. After the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, scientists loved exceptional public visibility and political impression as a brand new elite whose services now appeared severe to America's destiny. yet because the usa grew devoted to chilly struggle clash with the Soviet Union and the ideology of anticommunism got here to dominate American politics, scientists confronted an more and more lively routine of safety and loyalty clearances in addition to the specter of intrusive investigations by means of the infamous condo Committee on Un-American actions and different executive bodies.
This e-book is the 1st significant learn of yank scientists' encounters with chilly struggle anticommunism within the decade after global struggle II. by means of interpreting instances of person scientists subjected to loyalty and safety investigations, the organizational reaction of the medical neighborhood to political assaults, and the relationships among chilly struggle ideology and postwar technological know-how coverage, Jessica Wang demonstrates the stifling results of anticommunist ideology at the politics of technological know-how. She exposes the deep divisions over the chilly battle in the medical group and gives a posh tale of tough offerings, a group in obstacle, and roads no longer taken.
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Additional info for American Science in an Age of Anxiety: Scientists, Anticommunism, and the Cold War
1720 and left Bush and his supporters to hope for concessions as it wended its way through the Senate and House. R. 1850 might well have passed. In May, however, when House Republicans introduced a slightly revised version of the original Magnuson bill, Bush broke ranks and threw his support behind the House proposal. The compromise fell apart. Senate Resolution 1850 easily cleared the Senate on July 3 but died in the House Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce sixteen days later. Scientists and other contemporary observers blamed its death on their own lack of unity.
Only in his mid-thirties at the end of the war, Higinbotham had been a group leader in electronics at Los Alamos despite never having earned a doctorate. After the war he became a leading figure in the atomic scientists’ movement, and throughout his postwar career as a physicist at Brookhaven National Laboratory, nuclear arms Competing Political Visions 15 control would remain a central part of his life. Katharine Way had been a physicist at the University of Chicago’s Metallurgical Laboratory during the war, where she contributed to reactor design and theoretical work on the decay of fission products.
Passions ran high in discussions of the nsf proposals. ’’∂≥ It was not surprising that their differences proved impossible to bridge. Scientists on the progressive left lauded Kilgore’s efforts for the very reasons that conservatives like Bush and Jewett despised them. ∂∂ Members of the American Association of Scientific Workers backed Kilgore’s original wartime proposals, especially the provisions for coordination and patent reform. Writing in Science, chemist K. A. C. R. ’’∂∑ A 1944 pamphlet by Grundfest, geologist and aasw president Kirtley F.