By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Naval Studies Board, Committee for an Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology
Non-lethal guns (NLWs) are designed to reduce fatalities and different undesired collateral harm whilst used. occasions of the previous few years together with the assault at the USS Cole have raised rules in regards to the position NLWs can play in bettering aid to naval forces. specifically to what volume and in what components should still division of the military (DoN) -sponsored technology and expertise (S&T) offer a examine base for constructing NLW features? to aid with this question and to guage the present NLWs software, the Joint Non-Lethal guns Directorate (JNLWD) and the workplace of Naval study (ONR) asked the nationwide examine Council practice an overview of NLWs technological know-how and know-how. The record provides the result of that overview. It discusses promising NLW S&T components, improvement accomplishments and issues approximately NLW, and sequence of ideas approximately destiny NLW improvement and application.
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Extra info for Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology
A limiting effect is atmospheric turbulence along the propagation path; this turbulence causes high-frequency beam “jitter,” which reduces the intensity on the target. Vibration disturbances on the aircraft platform itself will also contribute to beam jitter, further reducing the intensity on the target. Finally, for ATL to 30 AN ASSESSMENT OF NON-LETHAL WEAPONS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY operate in the field, serious logistics issues would have to be addressed. The COIL fuel is composed of a number of caustic chemicals that require careful storage and handling.
Some systems designed to produce physiological effects operate at frequencies corresponding to millimeter waves in the range designed to be absorbed by the skin or at lower frequencies designed to produce resonance inside the body. VMADS is a system of the first type. It utilizes a microwave generator and an operator-steerable antenna designed to produce a narrow beam width beyond small arms range. The VMADS effect causes an intense but non-lethal burning sensation in a quick exposure. Potential applications are crowd control or perimeter protection around an airfield or other sensitive area.
In a recent study,6 however, the JNLWD concluded that NLWs can contribute in the full spectrum of conflict—ranging from major theater wars (MTWs), to small-scale contingencies (SSCs), to peacetime operations, and homeland defense. More importantly, these assertions were also noted in the FY01 defense planning guidance: NLWs have proven useful across the range of operations, including both conventional combat operations and the many categories of military operations other than war. . 7 Today non-lethal weapons capabilities are being considered for a variety of missions, such as humanitarian relief, peacekeeping, law enforcement, military operations in urban terrain (MOUT), truce monitoring, counterterrorism, drug interdiction, disaster response, and force protection.