By Richard E. Blanton, Gary M. Feinman, Stephen A. Kowalewski, Linda M. Nicholas
Simply after 500 B.C., one of many earliest states within the New global constructed within the Valley of Oaxaca, in present-day Mexico. The newly created political establishment introduced in its wake a profound transformation of society and know-how. This booklet investigates the wealthy archaeological checklist of the valley in an try to throw mild at the factors and results of those alterations.
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Extra resources for Ancient Oaxaca: The Monte Alban State
Excavations in and around Structure 19 provide intriguing evidence of an important element of the changing social system of the later Rosario phase. At some point the temple atop Structure 28 had been intentionally burned, suggesting conflict between communities or within San José Mogote itself. In a passageway between Structure 19 and another large Rosario-phase platform, Flannery and Marcus discovered an impressive carved-stone monument (Monument 3) that is the first of its kind (fig. 8). On this slab was carved a naked man, whose heart had been removed.
1 The Valley of Oaxaca, showing topography, stream drainages, and sites mentioned in the text. In the 1970s, in cooperation with Flannery's project, his student Richard E. Blanton initiated the systematic surface survey and mapping of archaeological sites in the Valley of Oaxaca. Bernal (1965) previously had located more than 280 large pre-Hispanic sites in the region, reporting many of the area's most significant sites. Blanton (1978) began his more complete and systematic survey by mapping Monte Albán and producing the only complete plan of this ancient urban center (fig.
Reflect differences in seasonal activities, observations of solar phenomena, and the like; they control ceremonial rivalry by regulating competition and dividing responsibility in channeled areas" (cf. Lowell 1996). C. in detail, but the pervasive duality of earth-and-sky symbolism suggests that social integration was achieved through a principle of moiety opposition rather than through the centralized political offices of a chieftainship. C. might be found among ethnographically described Mesoamerican peasant communities with moiety structures.