Anglo-Norman Castles by Robert Liddiard

By Robert Liddiard

Книга Anglo-Norman Castles Anglo-Norman Castles Книги Дизайн Автор: Robert Liddiard Год издания: 2002 Формат: pdf Издат.:Boydell Press Страниц: 432 Размер: 12 MB ISBN: 0851159044 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:The castles of the 11th and 12th centuries stay one of the so much obvious symbols of the Anglo-Norman global. This assortment brings jointly for the 1st time one of the most major articles in citadel reviews, with contributions from specialists in heritage, archaeology and old constructions.

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Higham points out that, far from being ephemeral structures, many had a long life span and also that stone castles frequently retained earth and timber defences well into the later medieval period. If Richard Eales has outlined in the clearest way yet the rapid upsurge in castle-building following 1066, Robert Higham offers a reminder that castles of earth and timber probably constituted the majority of sites during the eleventh and twelfth centuries. This analysis also highlights the fact that for too long castle-studies have suffered from a concentration on stylistic change at a relatively small number of masonry structures.

18 The burh-geat (the gate of the burh) presumably stands for the whole manor-house. It is used in the same sense in the tenth- or eleventh-century tract on the king’s personal peace, known as Be Griðe or Pax. In this tract the extent of the king’s peace is defined as follows:19 Thus far shall be the king’s grið, from his burh-geat where he is dwelling, on its four sides; 3 miles, 3 furlongs, 3 acres’ breadth, 9 feet, 9 palms, 9 barleycorns. 21 Like burhtun, the word burh-geat occurs as a place-name, in the forms Burgate, Boreat and Buckhatch.

25–27; C. ’, Nottingham Medieval Studies xlii (1998), pp. 38–104. H. A. Cronne, The Reign of Stephen, 1135–1154, Anarchy in England (London, 1970); J. Bradbury, Stephen and Mathilda (Stroud, 1996). See also Coulson, ‘Hierarchism’, p. 96. C. H. Haskins, Norman Institutions (Harvard, 1918), pp. 277–84; trans R. Allen Brown, The Origins of English Feudalism (London, 1973), p. 146; L. J. , Leges Henrici Primi (Oxford, 1972), pp. 108, 116, 323–24. See also D. Bates, Normandy before 1066 (Harlow, 1982), pp.

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