Anxiety Disorders and Gender by Dan J. Stein

By Dan J. Stein

Anxiety and comparable problems are universal stipulations that disproportionately impact ladies. during this publication, the epidemiology, psychobiology, prognosis, assessment, pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy of significant anxiousness and comparable problems are tested with unique connection with the consequences of gender and intercourse on medical presentation and therapy. The stipulations thought of comprise generalized nervousness illness, obsessive-compulsive ailment, panic ailment, posttraumatic rigidity affliction and social nervousness disease. additionally, the administration of tension and comparable issues while pregnant and lactation are mentioned. concluding chapters particularly tackle nervousness problems in girls and in males, summarizing key issues for clinicians and researchers. The authors are major clinicians, together with either psychiatrists and psychologists, from round the globe.

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2006; Steiner et al. 2005). Additionally, according to Allgulander 2012), sertraline and fluoxetine are first choice treatments during pregnancy, while paroxetine has been reported as unsafe during pregnancy (Marks et al. 2008). Besides SSRIs and SNRIs, tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are commonly used for GAD treatment. Here, efficacy is supported by studies as well, but side effects are more disruptive and more common (Baldwin et al. 2005). Therefore, the current recommendation regarding TCAs is to use these drugs only when SSRIs and SNRIs have not led to a sufficient improvement for the patient and other alternatives have been tested or are not available (Baldwin et al.

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Future studies are warranted to further elucidate possible gender-specific effects of life events on the development of PD (see Klauke et al. 2010 for a review). Differences in the Expression of Fears Could gender differences in anxiety disorders simply represent an underreporting of symptoms by males? Corresponding to their social role of being brave and fearless, men may feel more uncomfortable than women fully disclosing their distress for fear of being viewed as vulnerable or weak. , in “anxiety sensitivity” (Schmidt and Koselka 2000).

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