Argument, Inference and Dialectic: Collected Papers on by Robert C. Pinto (auth.)

By Robert C. Pinto (auth.)

Chapters 1-12 of this quantity include the papers on infonnal common sense and argumentation that i have released and/or learn at meetings during the last 17 years. those papers are reproduced right here pretty well unchanged from their first visual appeal; it truly is my purpose that their visual appeal the following represent a list of my positions and arguments on the time in their unique book or supply. i have made minor alterations in fonnat, within the sort of references, etc., for the sake of consistency; i have additionally corrected typographical mistakes and so forth. the single broad alterations in wording take place within the previous few pages of bankruptcy 7, and have been made purely to let the reader to determine extra truly what i used to be getting at in my first try to write in regards to the idea of coherence. bankruptcy thirteen used to be written expressly for this quantity. It seems retrospectively on the contents of the 1st 12 chapters and makes an attempt to focus on the unifying subject matters that run via them. It additionally revisits the guidelines approximately dialectic that occupied my first in mild of later advancements in my considering but additionally re­ paper, remodeling them emphasizing subject matters approximately which i have tended to stay silent within the previous couple of years.

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Extra info for Argument, Inference and Dialectic: Collected Papers on Informal Logic with an Introduction by Hans V. Hansen

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Now it is clear that reasons are frequently put forward in the attempt to modifY people's conscious attitudes toward objects other than propositional contents. We give reasons for approving (or disapproving) of a political movement or party, for liking (or disliking) a certain person, for esteeming or scorning a work of art. Moreover, there is a familiar pattern in much of the argumentation aimed at affecting such attitudes. Typically, one calls attention to (or tries to infortn or convince one's interlocutor about) features of the object in question, in particular features which inspire or discourage the attitude one is interested on altering.

C. Pinto, Argument, Inference and Dialectic © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2001 GENERALIZING THE NOTION OF ARGUMENT II I. " To have a belief is to stand in a certain relationship to that object or content. 2 One of the reasons for analyzing beliefs this way is the fact that we can entertain attitudes other than belief toward those very same contents; you may not believe that Gorbachev will fall from power, but fear that he will-{)r hope that he will (see Fodor 1981, pp. 183). " Since Bertrand Russell/ such attitudes toward propositions or propositional contents have been called propositional attitudes.

And even to require that premisses be immune from reasonable challenge may be to require too much. s If we're guided by the principle (API) that good arguments provide good reasons for accepting their conclusions, then the premisses of an argument must be reasonable to accept; mere truth will not be sufficient. For one does not have good reasons for accepting a conclusion if one infers it from premisses it is unreasonable to believe---even if those premisses happen to be true. Our criteria for premiss acceptability will therefore have to include epistemic factors and consequently will be relative to persons at times.

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