Aspects of the Amharic Verb in Comparison with Ethiopic by Herbert Pierrepont Houghton

By Herbert Pierrepont Houghton

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The verbs of Oass 2 can be illustrated by saraya, to pardon: Imperf. ) Subjunc. yerN, Imperat. seri, Infin. saNY, Gerund. saNYo, Causative-Reflexive Frequentative: astasaraya. Imperf. astasaN, Subjunc. yastasar;, Imperat. 'astasaN, Infin. 'astasaNY, Gerund. 'astasaNyo. Here, then, we take leave of our sketch of the Amharic Verb, in comparison with Ethiopic. ·}'t>,,~ , ..... . ~ THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN GRADUATE LIBRARY DATE DUE . ~NO Gh7' ;mit ~ :O1~ L : » .. ; . ,d • • ----• , - - • , • ".

Causative Frequentative: Perfect, 'atalawa, Imperf. yatalu, Subjunc. yatalu, Impera. 'atalu Infinitive ataliwe, Gerund. 'ataliwo. The verbs of Oass 2 can be illustrated by saraya, to pardon: Imperf. ) Subjunc. yerN, Imperat. seri, Infin. saNY, Gerund. saNYo, Causative-Reflexive Frequentative: astasaraya. Imperf. astasaN, Subjunc. yastasar;, Imperat. 'astasaN, Infin. 'astasaNY, Gerund. 'astasaNyo. Here, then, we take leave of our sketch of the Amharic Verb, in comparison with Ethiopic. ·}'t>,,~ , .....

We now turn to the "weak" verbs. These are categorized as in Amharic: 1) Verbs having either the sound wa or that of ya initially; 2) having either of these sounds medially; 3) having a) wa final, or b) ya final. The first group here mentioned is called, Initially Weak. the second group, Medially Weak; the third group, Finally Weak. (There are also a few "Doubly Weak" in which two of the three radicals are either--or both--of these weak letters, wa and ya, such as wadaya to accuse, dawaya, to be ill, hayawa to live.

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