By Henry N. Houérou
Masking a space of over one hundred thirty million km2 spanning the Mediterranean, equator and tropics, the African continent encompasses a striking geographic range. for this reason, it truly is characterized via tremendous variable climatic, edaphic and ecological stipulations, linked to a variety of normal plants and natural world, in addition to human inhabitants density, plants and cattle. during this e-book, Henry Le Hou?rou provides his bioclimatic and biogeographic type of Africa. The huge facts give you the foundation for comparisons among numerous African areas, and with areas on different continents comparable to Latin the USA or the Indian subcontinent. the consequences represent a rational foundation for nationwide, neighborhood and sub-regional rural improvement making plans, and for agricultural learn facing features comparable to plant and animal introductions, the extrapolation or interpolation of experimental or developmental findings, and ecosystems dynamics. attainable difficulties of purposes also are tested.
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Masking a space of over one hundred thirty million km2 spanning the Mediterranean, equator and tropics, the African continent encompasses a remarkable geographic variety. as a result, it truly is characterized via tremendous variable climatic, edaphic and ecological stipulations, linked to quite a lot of average crops and flora and fauna, in addition to human inhabitants density, plants and cattle.
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Extra resources for Bioclimatology and Biogeography of Africa
N Gilbel1iodendron dewevrii N Danniellia oliveri N Guiboul1ia ehie N Guiboul1ia demeusii E Eucalyptus saligna N Gowrilerodendron balsamiferum E Eucalyptus pilularis N Guarea cedrata E Eucalyptus robusta N Juniperus procera E Eucalyptus urophylla N Khaya anthoteca N Lophira alata N Khaya ivorensis N Lovoa trichiloides 32 N N N N N N N E E E N E N N E N N N N N N N N N N E E E E E E 1 Introduction Landolphia heudelotii Mammea africana Monsonia alata Microberlinia brazzavilliensis Nauclea diderrichii Ocotea usambarensis Oxystigma oxyphyllum Pinus patula Pinus radiata Pinus pseudostrobus Alstonia congensis Araucaria spp.
Namibia, which seems to almost entirely survive on this water resource. e. equal to or greater than rain-gauge values. Summer fog in South Africa is common in the Transvaal and Natal provinces: 18 “fog catcher” gauges yielded precipitations 105 to 280% in excess of those recorded with standard rain gauges (Nagel 1962). e. 33% more to rainfall at 1,800 m elevation on SW-facing slopes from October to March. W. Malawi at the border of Zambia, 146 fog days have been recorded per annum but the contribution in Fig.
11°36′N P = 135 mm 2t = 720 mm Long. 35 ETo = 692 mm Elev. 8% c Mogadiscio (Somalia) Semi-arid equatorial lowland agro-bioclimate, hot winters, East African Acacia-Commiphora ecological zone Lat. 02°02′N P = 394 mm 2t = 648 mm Rainy seasons = 105 days Long. 35 ETo = 636 mm P/ETo = 22% Elev. 0 °C ETo = 1,818 mm d Nairobi Airport (Kenya) Equatorial sub-humid highland agro-bioclimate, with warm winters Lat. 01°19′S P = 844 mm 2t = 463 mm Long. 35 ETo = 485 mm Elev. 3 Classification Criteria 49 standard, broadly accepted measuring methods, as no device can condensate fog the same way as tree leaves do.