Biomass Burning and Its Inter-Relationships with the Climate by John L. Innes (auth.), John L. Innes, Martin Beniston,

By John L. Innes (auth.), John L. Innes, Martin Beniston, Michel M. Verstraete (eds.)

JOHN L. INNES collage of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada The interactions among biomass burning and weather were introduced into concentration by way of a few fresh occasions. to begin with, the Framework conference on weather switch and, extra lately, the Kyoto Protocol, have drawn the eye of coverage makers and others to the significance of biomass burning when it comes to atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations. Secondly, using prescribed fires has develop into an immense administration software in a few international locations; with for instance the realm with gas remedies (which contain prescribed burns and mechanical remedies) having elevated on US nationwide wooded area approach lands from 123,000 ha in 1985 to 677,000 ha in 1998. Thirdly, huge numbers of wooded area fires in Indonesia, Brazil, Australia and in other places in 1997 and 1998 obtained remarkable media cognizance. hence, it truly is applicable that one of many Wengen Workshops on international switch study be dedicated to the relationships among biomass burning and weather. This quantity contains a few of the papers provided on the workshop, yet is additionally meant to behave as a contribution to the country of data at the int- relationships among biomass burning and weather switch. earlier volumes on biomass burning (e. g. Goldammer 1990,Levine 1991a, Crutzen and Goldammer 1993, Levine 1996a, 1996b, Van Wilgen et al. 1997) have under pressure a variety of points of the biomass–climate factor, and supply a historical past of the improvement of our figuring out of the various complicated relationships which are involved.

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Andreae, M. , E. V. Browell, M. Garstang, G. L. Gregory, R. C. Harriss, G. F. Hill, D. J. Jacob, M. C. Pereira, G. W. Sachse, A. W. Setzer, P. L. Silva Dias, R. W. Talbot, A. L. c. Wofsy 1998, Biomass burning emission and associated haze layers over Amazonia. Journal of Geophysical Research, 93,1509-1527. Blake. N. , D. R. Blake, B. C. Sive, T. -Y. Chen, F. S. Rowland, J. E. Collins, G. W. Sachse and B. E. Anderson 1996, Biomass burning emissions and vertical distribution of atmospheric methyl halides and other reduced carbon gases in the South Atlantic Region.

Levine, 1. S. (Editor) 1996a, Biomass Burning and Global Change: Remote Sensing, Modeling and Inventory Development, and Biomass Burning in Africa. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 581 pages. 30 Joel S. Levine Levine, J. S. (Editor) 1996b, Biomass Burning and Global Change: Biomass Burning in South America, Southeast Asia, and Temperate and Boreal Ecosystems, and the Oil Fires of Kuwait. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 377 pages. Levine, J. , T. Bobbe, N. Ray, R. G. Witt, and A.

Liew et aZ. (1998) estimate the burned area in Kalimantan to be 30,600 km2 and the burned area in Sumatra to be 15,000 km2 , for a total burned area of 45,600 km 2 • The Liew et aZ. 7 greater than the area estimate of Levine et aZ. (1998). This is not surprising as the Liew et aZ. (1998) estimate is based on almost complete coverage of Kalimantan and Sumatra, while the Levine et aZ. (1998) estimate is based on the USDA Forest Service maps prepared for only the very highest density fire regions in Kalimantan and Sumatra.

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