Brave New War: The Next Stage of Terrorism and the End of by John Robb

By John Robb

Throughout the summer season of 2004, a small workforce of Iraqi insurgents blew up a southern component of the Iraqi oil pipeline infrastructure. This assault fee an envisioned $2,000 to provide, and no attackers have been stuck, whereas the explosion expense Iraq $500 million in misplaced oil exports—a fee of go back 250,000 occasions the price of the attack.

In courageous New struggle, the debatable terrorism specialist John Robb argues that the shift from state-against-state conflicts to wars opposed to small, advert hoc bands of like-minded insurgents will bring about a global with as many tiny armies as there are explanations to struggle for. Our new enemies are trying to find gaps in very important platforms the place a small, reasonable action—blowing up an oil pipeline or knocking out an influence grid—will generate an enormous return.

Drawing on rankings of chilling examples from the continued insurgency in Iraq, Robb finds how the know-how that has enabled globalization additionally permits terrorists, criminals, and violent ideologues of each stripe to hitch forces opposed to a much larger and richer foe with out revealing their identities, following orders, or perhaps operating towards an analogous final aim. This new model of open-source conflict permits insurgents to coordinate assaults, swarm on goals, and adapt speedily to alterations of their enemy's strategies, all at minimum price and possibility. And now, Robb indicates, it really is being exported around the globe, from Pakistan to Nigeria to Mexico, making a new category of insurgents he calls worldwide guerrillas.

This evolutionary jump within the equipment of conflict allows for tremendous small nonstate teams to struggle states and doubtless win regularly. using platforms disruption as a style of strategic struggle offers upward push to a nightmare situation within which any nation—including the United States—can be pushed to financial ruin via an enemy it can't compete with economically. we're watching a destiny the place defeat isn't skilled all of sudden yet as an inevitable withering away of army, financial, and political strength via losing conflicts with minor foes.

How do we protect ourselves by contrast pernicious new risk? courageous New battle offers a debate-changing argument that nobody who cares approximately nationwide safeguard can have the funds for to disregard: it's time, says Robb, to decentralize all of our platforms, from power and communications to defense and markets. it's time for each citizen to take own accountability for a few point of kingdom safeguard. it's time to make our platforms, and ourselves, as versatile, adaptable, and resilient because the forces which are arrayed opposed to us.

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Um heutzutage nach Palmyra zu gelangen, fliegt man in vier Stunden von Paris nach Damaskus und fährt von dort zweihundert Kilometer weiter auf einer asphaltierten Straße, die eindeutig der antiken Trasse folgt; nach vier Stunden Fahrt durch eine Wüste aus Staub und Steinen, wo kümmerliches Gras wächst, ist der Anblick des grünen Palmenhains und der weißen Kolonnade, der gewaltigen Überreste einer untergegangenen Kultur, jedes Mal aufs Neue eine Überraschung. Die zahlreichen Touristen entdecken bei ihrer Ankunft nicht den «verlorenen Schmuck des antiken Palmyra», der Baudelaire träumen ließ (es wurde so gut wie kein Schmuck gefunden), sondern einen modernen Marktflecken mit Hotels und Restaurants aller Preiskategorien.

Die Kolonnade bildete indes keine Verkehrsstraße. Man darf sich hier keine vorbeiziehenden Karawanen vorstellen: Bestimmt hatten diese keinen Zutritt zur Stadt. Auf einem Teil dieser Hauptstraße befand sich vielmehr der Souk, der Bazar von Palmyra – der «Hof, wo mit allem gehandelt wird», wie er genannt wurde –, zugleich die Flaniermeile. Es war ein Bazar in geometrisch regelmäßiger Form, der der Rationalität einer fortgeschrittenen Zivilisation entsprach und ein in sich geschlossenes Ganzes bildete, ein Ort, an dem man sich aufhielt und den man nicht einfach nur durchquerte.

Bleiben wir also in der Zeit um das Jahr 1000 vor unserer Zeitrechnung: Es ist ein Nomadenvolk, dessen Name Aramäer damals zum ersten Mal auftaucht und das nach und nach in Syrien eindringt und ihm den Namen Aram gibt. » Vergeblich: In Syrien wird ebenso wie in Mesopotamien weiterhin aramäisch statt arabisch gesprochen werden, wobei zwischen 539 vor Christus und der Eroberung durch die Muslime im Jahr 636 unserer Zeitrechnung auf syrischem Boden die Perser herrschen, dann die griechischen Könige, Nachfolger Alexanders des Großen, und schließlich die Römer.

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