Cell Migration: Signalling and Mechanisms (Translational by Frank Entschladen, Kurt S. Zanker

By Frank Entschladen, Kurt S. Zanker

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Extra info for Cell Migration: Signalling and Mechanisms (Translational Research in Biomedicine, Vol. 2)

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Basel, Karger, 2010, vol 2, pp 40–53 Coordination of Leukocyte Polarity and Migration Noa B. Martín-Cófrecesa,b и Juan M. Serradorb и Francisco Sánchez-Madrida,b a Servicio de Inmunología, Hospital de La Princesa-Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, and bFundación Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares, Madrid, Spain Abstract Many important physiological processes in the body require coordinated and guided cell movement. This is exemplified during fetal development, when cells move and differentiate to build the body.

An example includes the inflammatory mediator TNF-α that induces a neutrophil stop signal through the regulation of p38 MAPK signaling [9]. Another mechanism of migration inhibition involves cell-cell interaction and activation through the T-cell receptor, which induces a stop signal in T cells mediating prolonged T-cell signaling and leukocyte retention in inflamed tissues [10]. Cell Signaling during Neutrophil-Directed Migration Neutrophils effectively respond to competing environmental cues and migrate rapidly up shallow gradients of chemoattractants.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2002;24:791–794. 39 Hernandez PA, Gorlin RJ, Lukens JN, Taniuchi S, Bohinjec J, Francois F, Klotman ME, Diaz GA: Mutations in the chemokine receptor gene CXCR4 are associated with WHIM syndrome, a combined immunodeficiency disease. Nat Genet 2003;34:70– 74. 38 40 Diaz GA: CXCR4 mutations in WHIM syndrome: a misguided immune system? Immunol Rev 2005; 203:235–243. 41 Gulino AV, Moratto D, Sozzani S, Cavadini P, Otero K, Tassone L, Imberti L, Pirovano S, Notarangelo LD, Soresina R, Mazzolari E, Nelson DL, Badolato R: Altered leukocyte response to CXCL12 in patients with warts hypogammaglobulinemia, infections, myelokathexis (WHIM) syndrome.

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