By Michael P. Costeloe
The Juzgado de Capellanias was once crucial financial establishment in the Roman Catholic Church in Mexico. It operated in each one diocese as a kind of financial institution, receiving clerical sales from numerous resources and making an investment them in terms of loans at curiosity. The Roman Catholic Church in Mexico was once either a reason and a sufferer of the political and monetary chaos of this era. The liberals alleged that the focus of a lot of the country's wealth within the fingers of the clerical companies hindered the political and fiscal development of the country. The clergy argued that they applied a lot in their estate and capital to the direct advantage of either society and the economic climate. Dr Costeloe examines those varied perspectives with regards to the Juzgado in Mexico. He discusses its advanced inner management, expert staff, resources of profit and the strategy for acquiring loans from it. because the borrower was once obliged to assure compensation of his personal loan by means of delivering a estate as protection, the Church, throughout the Juzgado as creditor, received regulate of the mortgaged estate. Dr Costeloe analyses the consequences of this funding and next regulate of actual property through the clergy. within the ultimate part, the writer discusses the family members among the Juzgado and the nation.
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Extra info for Church Wealth in Mexico: A Study of the ’Juzgado de Capellanias’ in the Archbishopric of Mexico 1800-1856
Another was published by the Minister of Justice in his annual report in 1825. , AGN, PBN, leg. 200, exp. 2. 20 1834, Introduction ranks of the secular clergy. The financial position of the Church greatly deteriorated with the loss of the tithes, and this could not have come at a worse time, for it was not long after 1833 that even the conservative and pro-clerical administrations began to demand substantial cash loans from the Church. This alarming decline in tithe revenue was not ruinous for the Church as a whole, for there were other sources of income.
59-60. These documents are in AGN, Conuentos y Templos, vol. xi. 22 Introduction To the liberals such a concentration of property in the hands of totally unproductive corporations like the convents and monasteries was uneconomic, and particularly anomalous in view of the fiscal position of the nation. any private citizen, and furthermore, that its use of its property was of immediate benefit to the community. The houses owned by the ecclesiastical corporations were let to tenants at an annual rent which was generally equivalent to 5 per cent of the capital value of the premises.
The administrator of the convent or brotherhood was responsible for selecting the tenants, collecting the rents, and supervising maintenance and repairs. 2 There is no evidence to suggest that it abused its extensive ownership of property by price discrimination or the imposition of high rental values. The clergy frequently claimed that it was a positive advantage to have the Church as landlord. Archbishop Lazaro de la Garza y Ballesteros emphasized that individual citizens occupied Church houses and not the clergy themselves, and that the consideration afforded to tenants by the ecclesiastical corporations was far superior to that of private landlords.