Countering Biological Threats: Challenges for the Department by National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs,

By National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Office for Central Europe and Eurasia, Committee on Prevention of Proliferation of Biological Weapons in States Beyond the Former Soviet Union

In line with a request from the U.S. Congress, this ebook examines how the original adventure and broad services of the dept of safeguard (DOD) may be prolonged to lessen the specter of bioterrorism inside of constructing international locations open air the previous Soviet Union (FSU). in the past 12 years, DOD has invested $800 million in lowering the danger from bioterrorism with roots within the states of the FSU. The program's accomplishments are many fold. the chance of bioterrorism in different international locations is just too nice for DOD to not be one of the leaders in addressing threats past the FSU. making an allowance for attainable sensitivities a couple of U.S. army presence, DOD may still interact governments in approximately ten constructing nations outdoor the FSU in organic chance aid courses throughout the subsequent 5 years. every time attainable, DOD may still accomplice with different organisations that experience good confirmed humanitarian reputations within the international locations of curiosity. for instance, the U.S. organisation for overseas improvement, the facilities for disorder keep an eye on and Prevention, and the realm future health association can be regarded as strength companions.

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Additional resources for Countering Biological Threats: Challenges for the Department of Defense's Nonproliferation Program Beyond the Former Soviet Union

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Chapters 2 to 5 respond to the four tasks in the legislation calling for this study and present relevant recommendations. Chapter 6 consolidates the recommendations. • Chapter 1 highlights the security context for potential BTRP activities in developing countries, including near-term concerns over containment of pathogens. Several issues are identified that should be addressed in initiating BTRP activities designed to help counter the proliferation of biological weapons. • Chapter 2 addresses the capacities of developing countries to take advantage of achievements in the life sciences while containing potentially dangerous materials, expertise, and technologies.

Xvii In Kellman, B. 2007. Bioviolence: Preventing Biological Terror and Crime. New York: Cambridge University Press. 30 COUNTERING BIOLOGICAL THREATS BOX 1-3 Threat of Global Bioterrorism “The threat of global bioterrorism is increasing. The gradual lowering of the technical and financial barriers to purchase the materials, technologies, and expertise to develop biological weapons is linked to the worldwide growth in biotechnology; and nonstate actors and terrorist groups are now capable of obtaining and maliciously disseminating infectious disease agents.

The recommendations have relevance in developing countries as well. It would be useful to elaborate them as necessary for implementation at the international level. The brief discussion of the following approaches is a first step in this direction. • Policies and practices should, to the maximum extent possible, promote the free and open exchange of information in the life sciences. Transparency that accompanies exchanges of information can help provide international confidence that the intent of individuals and groups engaged in biological activities is to use biological assets for appropriate, and not for malevolent, purposes.

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