Counterinsurgency and the Global War on Terror: Military by Robert M. Cassidy

By Robert M. Cassidy

Due to the fact September 2001, the U.S. has waged what the govt in the beginning referred to as the worldwide conflict on terrorism (GWOT). starting in past due 2005 and early 2006, the time period lengthy conflict began appearing in U.S. defense files reminiscent of the nationwide defense Council's nationwide approach for Victory in Iraq and in statements via the U.S. Secretary of protection and the Chairman of the JCS. the outline lengthy War?€”unlimited in time and area and carrying on with for decades?€”is toward fact and extra necessary than GWOT.Colonel Robert Cassidy argues that this protracted fight is extra safely seen as a world insurgency and counterinsurgency. Al Qaeda and its associates, he keeps, include a unique and evolving type of networked insurgents who function globally, harnessing some great benefits of globalization and the knowledge age. They hire terrorism as a tactic, subsuming terror inside of their overarching goal of undermining the Western-dominated procedure of states. putting the conflict opposed to al Qaeda and its allied teams and organisations within the context of an international insurgency has very important implications for doctrine, interagency coordination, and army cultural change-all reviewed during this very important work.Cassidy combines the major maxims of the main famous Western thinker of warfare and the main popular jap thinker of conflict to reach at a threefold topic: recognize the enemy, comprehend your self, and comprehend what sort of conflict you're embarking upon. to aid readers arrive at that realizing, he first bargains a distilled research of al Qaeda and its linked networks, with a specific specialize in ideology and tradition. In next chapters, he elucidates the demanding situations giant powers face after they prosecute counterinsurgencies, utilizing old examples from Russian, American, British, and French counterinsurgent wars ahead of 2001. The booklet concludes with techniques for the combination and command and keep watch over of indigenous forces and different organizations.

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Therefore, after the Continental Army’s unsuccessful defenses of New York in 1776 and of Philadelphia (Brandywine Creek) in 1777, Washington was compelled to adopt a Fabian strategy. ’’ According to Liddell Hart, the Roman consul Fabius knew his enemy’s military superiority too well to risk a decision in direct battle. 10 Likewise, Washington generally avoided head-on collisions with the British Army. Washington adopted an indirect strategy of attrition whereby he avoided general actions against the British main body but instead concentrated what forces he had against weak enemy outposts and piecemeal detachments.

Some of the most pronounced asymmetries in technology in this century manifested themselves during the Vietnam War and during the Soviet war in Afghanistan. One can certainly conclude from these examples that not only does conventional military and technological superiority not ensure victory, it may even undermine victory in an asymmetric context. 14 The Russian forces that assaulted Grozny on 31 December 1994 were technologically and quantitatively superior to the Chechen defenders of Grozny.

In addition, both Pye and Verba maintain that a study of political culture must address both the historical development of the system as a whole and the life experiences of the individuals who currently comprise its core. ’’ According to Schein, we must first ascertain whether a given set of people has had enough common history and stability to allow a culture to form. Some organizations will not have an organizational culture because there is no common history or because there have been frequent turnovers.

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