Decentralisation in Africa: A Pathway out of Poverty and by Gordan Crawford, Christof Hartmann

By Gordan Crawford, Christof Hartmann

The present momentum for decentralization of presidency in Africa and somewhere else within the constructing global is pushed regularly by way of the desires and needs of donor enterprises. This quantity questions no matter if this type of decentralization bargains an important pathway out of poverty and clash in Africa—addressing problems with poverty aid in Uganda, Ghana, Malawi, and Tanzania and problems with clash administration in Mauritius, Namibia, South Africa, Uganda, and Rwanda. Conceptual weaknesses and difficulties of implementation are addressed, in particular the restrictions of donor-driven decentralization, that allows you to illustrate that decentralization is neither the final word resolution nor a shortcut to the success of peace and improvement in Africa.

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I also visited three subcounties (Rubongi, Mulandan and Nabuyoga) and spoke with several sub-county Constraints on the Implementation of Decentralisation  councillors. I deliberately did not visit more than Tororo district because I had previously ruled out the option of narrowing the research down to a few selected districts in Uganda . Instead, I aimed to carry out a countrywide study, enabling me to draw generalised conclusions. The decision to go to Tororo was taken on merely practical grounds, as I had previously established contact with representatives of the German Development Service.

40, No. 3, pp. 345-368. , 1996, Peace by Peaceful Means: Peace and Conflict, Development and Civilization, London: Sage. , 2002, ‘Autonomy and Ethnicity: A Framework for Analysis’, Autonomy and Ethnicity, ed. Y. Ghai, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Griffiths, A. and J. , ed. S. Bastian and R. Luckham, London: Zed Books. Harris, P. and B. Reilly (eds), 1998, Democracy and Deep-Rooted Conflict: Options for Negotiators, Stockholm: International IDEA. International Council on Human Rights Policy (ICHRP), 2005, Local Government and Human Rights: Doing Good Service, Geneva: ICHRP.

First, line ministries determine national objectives and priorities, especially within the national Poverty Eradication Action Plan. The overall objective of this plan is to reduce the poverty headcount to 10 per cent by the year 2017, and sector-wide approaches operationalise actions to achieve this. Since the implementation of many sectoral policies, especially poverty-relevant service delivery functions, lie within the competence of local governments, these have to adhere to the provisions made by line ministries in order to fulfil the national objectives even if they would set local priorities differently.

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