By Ageeth Sluis
In the turbulent a long time following the Mexican Revolution, Mexico urban observed a drastic inflow of girl migrants looking get away and security from the ravages of conflict within the geographical region. whereas a few settled in slums and tenements, the place the casual financial system usually supplied the one technique of survival, the revolution, within the absence of fellows, additionally caused girls to take in regularly male roles, created new jobs within the public sphere open to ladies, and carved out new social areas during which girls may perhaps workout agency.
In Deco physique, Deco City, Ageeth Sluis explores the consequences of fixing gender norms at the formation of city house in Mexico urban through linking aesthetic and architectural discourses to political and social advancements. via an research of the connection among woman migration to town and gender performances off and on the degree, the publication exhibits how a brand new transnational excellent girl body educated the actual form of town. by means of bridging the space between indigenismo (pride in Mexico’s indigenous background) and mestizaje (privileging the correct of race mixing), this new woman deco physique cleared the path for mestizo modernity. This cultural heritage enriches our knowing of Mexico’s postrevolutionary a long time and brings jointly social, gender, theater, and architectural heritage to illustrate how altering gender norms shaped the root of a brand new city modernity.
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Extra info for Deco Body, Deco City: Female Spectacle and Modernity in Mexico City, 1900-1939
Chapter 2, “Bataclanismo: From Divas to Deco Bodies,” explores the theater as a social space and theater genres as both normative and transformative discourses in analyzing the transition of these changing ideals of femininity in the 1920s. By mapping the change from Porﬁrian divas to post-revolutionary Deco bodies, this chapter demonstrates how gender ideals inﬂuenced the creation of a distinct urban modernity in Mexico City. Using the phenomenon of bataclanismo as a barometer of this change, I argue that Deco bodies paved the way for a new, mestizo modernity.
Revista and revolution Theater reﬂected and informed the impressions of travelers and capitalinos alike when viewing gendered behavior on the city streets. As a barometer of social opinion, discontent, hopes, dreams, and desires, theater grappled with the advent of modernity. Although Porﬁrians looked to Europe, especially France, as the height of civilization, they favored modernization over modernity. In the face of rapid modernization and the accompanying pressures of urbanization, they opted to revel in nostalgia rather than enjoy modern plays.
Most theaters had separate entrances and stairways leading to specialized areas, such as common areas and box seats. Differentiated ticket prices underwrote the theater’s social geography, which further separated the classes. The abono system of season ticket subscriptions allowed elite families to buy the best seats, had a similar effect. Class distinctions were further emphasized in architectural designs that resulted in gendered spaces such as the paraíso (heaven) or the cazuela (casserole).