Democratizing hegemonic state by Ilan Peleg

By Ilan Peleg

This ebook explores alternative routes of fixing political conflicts among ethnic teams in deeply divided societies. via a close research of 14 diverse nations in Africa, Asia, Europe, North the USA, and the center East, Peleg creates a framework that would permit humanity to maneuver towards an answer to a couple of the bloodiest conflicts in heritage. Long-lasting ideas can't be discovered by way of purely granting members equivalent rights, yet by means of spotting the rights of precise teams. This publication examines an important political and moral factor of the modern international: the way forward for deeply divided societies ruled by means of ethnic politics.

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The group-based approach is extremely complex, especially if compared to the straightforward individualistic approach. ). Second, it ought to be recognized that even if the principle of the self-determination of a group is conceded, it leads to a series of complex issues. For example, could this self-determination be achieved either “externally” – by secession (as in the case of Bangladesh) or partition (Cyprus, Israel/Palestine, the Indian Subcontinent, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and the USSR) – or only “internally,” by the “reconfiguration of the existing constitutional association so its multinational character is reorganized and accommodated” (Gagnon and Tully 2001, 3).

It is with this emerging intrastate ethnonational conflict that this book is most concerned. Although this type of conflict is by no means new, the geopolitics of the old Cold War covered up its most powerful and persistent features, elements that were present for generations in numerous countries just under the surface. When this geopolitical condition withered away, numerous dormant conflicts abruptly erupted. Several federations (or, better yet, sham federations) imploded, splitting into their old ethnic or national components: the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia fall into this category.

Thus in all the Anglo-Saxon countries, English is the dominant language and its knowledge is a precondition for citizenship, as French is in France and other national languages are in their respective countries. Moreover, in these countries, the day of rest and several holidays are determined by the Christian tradition. These types of what might be called “majority prerogatives” are normatively acceptable in liberal democracies. Coercive actions designed to assimilate ethnic minorities, particularly indigenous nonimmigrant minorities, are hegemonic and nondemocratic in nature.

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