By Paul Rexton Kan
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Best terrorism books
This significant new instruction manual synthesises greater than 20 years of scholarly learn, and gives a entire assessment of the sector of terrorism studies.
The content material of the instruction manual is predicated at the responses to a questionnaire by means of approximately a hundred specialists from greater than 20 nations in addition to the categorical services and event of the quantity editor and many of the individuals. jointly, they advisor the reader in the course of the voluminous literature on terrorism, and suggest a brand new consensus definition of terrorism, in line with an intensive evaluate of current conceptualisations. The paintings additionally includes a huge choice of typologies and surveys a variety of theories of terrorism. extra chapters survey terrorist databases and supply a advisor to on hand assets on terrorism in libraries and on the net. it's also the main finished international listing of Extremist, Terrorist and different businesses linked to Guerrilla conflict, Political Violence, Protest and arranged- and Cyber-Crime.
The Routledge instruction manual of Terrorism study could be an important paintings of reference for college kids and researchers of terrorism and political violence, defense stories, criminology, political technological know-how and diplomacy, and of serious curiosity to policymakers and pros within the box of counter-terrorism.
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Additional info for Drugs and Contemporary Warfare
By comparison, because poppy resin, the main ingredient in heroin, is robust and can keep for years, it is an attractive option for peasants and a prime target for exploitation by violent groups. Heroin production and distribution allow for numerous stages in which violent groups can become involved. In 2000–2001, the Taliban government was able to manipulate the heroin market by focusing on the first node of production: it banned the growing of opium while recommending its criminal allies store enough opium gum until the sale price rose.
This means that much of the security and transportation through these limited routes must be provided by guerrillas as the product makes it way to the next stage of the distribution process—arrival at warehouses, ports, and airstrips. S. 43 Similar to heroin, small amounts of cocaine can generate hefty profits. Thus, smugglers do not need to transport large amounts of cocaine to the wholesale market. Smuggling smaller amounts makes interdiction more troublesome. S. main market. Unlike opium and its derivatives, which transit through many countries with active conflicts, cocaine traffickers take advantage of countries where law enforcement and customs inspection are attempting to rebound after violent conflicts.
There is also a substantial rise in the trafficking of synthetic drugs, including ecstasy and meth. Traditional drugs like khat and datura are not widely sold outside of conflict zones. While the trafficking of any illegal narcotic shares similar stages of production and distribution, each drug is unique in how and where it is grown, harvested, processed, and transported. Each drug is also distinctive because of the actors who are involved in the specific stages of its trafficking. VIOLENT POLITICAL ACTORS AND THE STAGES OF DRUG TRAFFICKING Drug trafficking supports a variety of warring groups around the globe.