Education Policy and Power-Sharing in Post-Conflict by Giuditta Fontana

By Giuditta Fontana

This booklet explores the nexus among schooling and politics in Lebanon, Northern eire, and Macedonia, drawing from an in depth physique of unique proof and literature on power-sharing and post-conflict schooling in those post-conflict societies, in addition to the repercussions that emerged from the tip of civil conflict. This publication demonstrates that schooling coverage impacts the resilience of political settlements by means of aiding reproduce and make stronger the collectively specific spiritual, ethnic, and nationwide groups that participated in clash and now proportion political energy. utilizing curricula for subjects—such as background, citizenship schooling, and languages—and buildings just like the lifestyles of state-funded separate or universal faculties, Fontana exhibits that power-sharing constrains the scope for particular schooling reforms and provides a few feedback for potent ones to assist political balance and reconciliation after civil wars.

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Thus, they contribute to defining and redefining individual and collective identities, as well as the boundaries between communities in deeply divided societies. 111 Individuals are indoctrinated into 40 G. 114 Thus, mass compulsory schooling emerged as an instrument of socialisation into the values, assumptions and patterns of behaviour underpinning collective life in a society. 116 Thus, schools were entrusted with transmitting a common, sanctioned myth-symbol complex to all citizens. This included a standardised culture through a common language and official version of the past, common rituals and practices, and markers of belonging and identity.

18. John Nagle and Mary-Alice Clancy, Shared Society or Benign Apartheid? Understanding Peace-Building in Divided Societies (London: Palgrave, 2010): 7. 19. Hanf, Coexistence, 34. 20. McCrudden and O’Leary, Courts and Consociations, 127. 21. ), Lebanon after the Cedar Revolution, 39. 22. Between 14/07/1969 and 31/12/1998 according to Malcolm Sutton, ‘An Index of Deaths from the Conflict in Ireland’, CAIN Web Service 20 G. FONTANA 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. html (accessed 20/02/2014).

83 Indeed, in contrast to coercive approaches, to assimilation and to partition, consociations do not explicitly seek conflict resolution in the short- to medium term. 85 Consociationalists argue that a stable political framework and institutions allow the expression and negotiation of the differences and group needs at the heart of ethnonational conflicts. 88 In particular, critics argue that consociationalists are unclear as to how ethnic parties would evolve into parties with cross-communal appeal and how identity-based politics would transform into a democratic political system.

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