Effects of Anisops sardea (Hemiptera: Notonectidae) on by Avi Eitam, Leon Blaustein & Marc Mangel

By Avi Eitam, Leon Blaustein & Marc Mangel

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Extra resources for Effects of Anisops sardea (Hemiptera: Notonectidae) on oviposition habitat selection by mosquitoes and other dipterans and on community structure in artificial pools

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This would be helpful and ultimately necessary to generalize data from animal experiments, particularly facing species differences in neuronal subtypes, receptors and functions [115–117]. 1. Parasympathetic Nervous System Many stress-related symptoms are parasympathetically mediated. Examples are gastrointestinal, cardiac and pulmonary disorders. The different efferent branches of the parasympathetic system (PNS), especially the vagus, can vary both interindividually and regionally in terms of basal activity and reactivity.

The hypothalamus is the major control center of the dorsal nucleus of the vagus (DVN). As reviewed by Palkovits [109], the DVN is bi-directionally connected with the PVN, and these pathways play the central role in the trophotropic adaptation to stress. The PVN controls the DVN via descending peptidergic fibers arising from the ventral medial and lateral parvicellular subdivisons of the PVN. g. perifornical and dorsomedial nucleus) control other parasympathetic functions involved in the regulation of fluid homeostasis, body weight, metabolism, feeding, and blood pressure.

110 Wang Y, Jones JF, Ramage AG, Jordan D: Effects of 5-HT and 5-HT1A receptor agonists and antagonists on dorsal vagal preganglionic neurones in anaesthetized rats: an ionophoretic study. Br J Pharmacol 1995;116:2291–2297. 111 Chaouloff F, Berton O, Mormede P: Serotonin and stress. Neuropsychopharmacology 1999; 21(2 suppl):28S–32S. 112 Tache Y, Yang H, Kaneko H: Caudal raphe-dorsal vagal complex peptidergic projections: role in gastric vagal control. Peptides 1995; 16:431–435. 113 Lam DD, Heisler LK: Serotonin and energy balance: molecular mechanisms and implications for type 2 diabetes.

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