By Duncan Pritchard (auth.)
This complex textbook, now in its moment version, offers an obtainable evaluate of a few of the most matters in modern epistemology. Written by way of a professional within the box, it covers such key subject matters as advantage epistemology, anti-luck epistemology, epistemological disjunctivism, epistemic price, figuring out, radical scepticism, and contextualism. This ebook is perfect as a collection textual content for a sophisticated undergraduate or postgraduate direction in epistemology, and also will be of common curiosity to researchers in philosophy.
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Additional resources for Epistemology
The anti-luck epistemic condition). Anti-luck epistemology comes in a robust and modest version. According to robust anti-luck epistemology, knowledge is nothing more than true belief that satisfies the anti-luck condition. According to modest anti-luck epistemology, while the anti-luck condition is necessary for knowledge, it won’t be sufficient (with true belief) for knowledge. Robust anti-luck epistemology is a form of epistemic externalism about knowledge, while modest anti-luck epistemology is compatible with epistemic internalism about knowledge.
One problem with the sensitivity principle that is important for our Anti-Luck Epistemology 27 purposes is that it seems to disallow knowledge in some cases where, intuitively, knowledge is possessed. Consider the following case: Ernie Ernie lives in a high-rise block of flats in which the way to dispose of one’s garbage is to drop it down a garbage chute in the corridor. Ernie knows that the flats are well maintained, and so when he drops his garbage down the chute he believes that it will soon be in the basement.
As a result, she forms a true belief that 12 × 13 = 156. Unbeknownst to Mathemi, however, her calculator is in fact malfunctioning. In particular, the calculator has two faults, albeit two faults that systematically cancel each other out when it comes to calculations within a given range, one that Mathemi’s calculation falls well within. Intuitively, given the faults in Mathemi’s calculator she cannot gain knowledge that 12 × 13 = 156 in this way. As with the Mathema case, her belief is safe in the sense that she has a belief that could not have easily been false – there are no near-by possible worlds in which Mathemi forms a false belief that 12 × 13 = 156.