By Corliss K. Slack
During the past due eleventh throughout the early 14th centuries at the very least seven significant expeditions have been made among Western Europe and the Holy Land with the objective of finishing Muslim regulate of Jerusalem. eventually the crusaders have been pushed out, yet now not sooner than a cultural alternate had taken position that had a major impression on Western Europe and an both huge, immense, albeit much less confident, influence on Arabs and the Islamic global. even if the crusades happened many centuries in the past, echoes nonetheless resound during the present clashes of countries and ideologies, kidnappings for ransom, assassinations, and the stating of 'jihad'—all making the crusades an eminently well timed topic. This one-volume review offers an obtainable reference paintings for students, scholars, and basic readers at the interval with a number of entries on key individuals, locations, occasions, battles and sieges, use of guns and armor, and the deeper problems with the political and cultural history. entire with an in depth chronology...
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What are the possible consequences of the conflict? The circumstances are very different, but the questions are the same. Whatever view one takes of them, the crusades make up a vital piece of the puzzle presented by our own time and place. Note: Words and terms in boldface type reference dictionary entries. 1 Guibert of Nogent, as quoted in Alan Forey, The Military Orders (Toronto, 1992): 13. 2 Brian Tierney, Western Europe in the Middle Ages, 6th edition (Boston, 1999): 216. 3 H. E. J. Cowdrey, “The Genesis of the Crusades: The Springs of the Holy War,” in Popes, Monks, and Crusaders (London, 1984): 19-20.