The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research (Routledge by Alex Schmid

By Alex Schmid

This significant new guide synthesises greater than 20 years of scholarly learn, and offers a finished evaluation of the sector of terrorism studies.

The content material of the instruction manual relies at the responses to a questionnaire through approximately a hundred specialists from greater than 20 nations in addition to the categorical services and adventure of the quantity editor and some of the participants. jointly, they advisor the reader during the voluminous literature on terrorism, and suggest a brand new consensus definition of terrorism, in keeping with an intensive assessment of current conceptualisations. The paintings additionally contains a huge number of typologies and surveys a variety of theories of terrorism. extra chapters survey terrorist databases and supply a consultant to to be had assets on terrorism in libraries and on the net. additionally it is the main complete global listing of Extremist, Terrorist and different firms linked to Guerrilla struggle, Political Violence, Protest and arranged- and Cyber-Crime.

The Routledge instruction manual of Terrorism Research should be a vital paintings of reference for college kids and researchers of terrorism and political violence, protection stories, criminology, political technological know-how and diplomacy, and of serious curiosity to policymakers and execs within the box of counter-terrorism.

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The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research (Routledge Handbooks)

This significant new guide synthesises greater than 20 years of scholarly study, and offers a finished evaluate of the sphere of terrorism studies.

The content material of the guide is predicated at the responses to a questionnaire via approximately a hundred specialists from greater than 20 nations in addition to the explicit services and event of the amount editor and a number of the individuals. jointly, they consultant the reader in the course of the voluminous literature on terrorism, and suggest a brand new consensus definition of terrorism, in keeping with an intensive assessment of present conceptualisations. The paintings additionally contains a huge selection of typologies and surveys quite a lot of theories of terrorism. extra chapters survey terrorist databases and supply a advisor to on hand assets on terrorism in libraries and on the net. it is also the main accomplished international listing of Extremist, Terrorist and different agencies linked to Guerrilla conflict, Political Violence, Protest and arranged- and Cyber-Crime.

The Routledge instruction manual of Terrorism examine might be a necessary paintings of reference for college kids and researchers of terrorism and political violence, defense stories, criminology, political technological know-how and diplomacy, and of serious curiosity to policymakers and pros within the box of counter-terrorism.

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Shoko Asahara and Aum Shinrikyo Aum Shinrikyo, currently also known as “Aleph,” is essentially a religious cult founded in 1987 by Shoko Asahara, a half-blind Japanese mystic. Asahara (whose real name is Chizuo Matsumoto) claimed that the world was approaching apocalypse. He used an eclectic blend of Tibetan Buddhist, Hindu, Taoist, and Christian thought to attract a following, primarily in Japan but also in Australia, Germany, Russia, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, and the United States. Asahara’s argument was that the United States would soon initiate Armageddon by starting World War III against Japan, necessitating extraordinary measures to prepare for the attack.

Mao Tse-tung 1 Leaders of terrorist groups are often captured or killed in the final months of terrorist campaigns, dealing a death blow to the group and precipitating the demise of the movement. But the specific techniques of targeting vary, and the long-term effects of decapitation are inconsistent. 2 The immediate effects of removing a leader vary, depending on the structure of the organization, the degree to which it fosters a cult of personality, the availability of a viable successor, the nature of its ideology, the political context, and whether the leader was killed or imprisoned.

34 • Chapter One Sometimes the hardest course for a democratic state is to demonstrate tactical restraint: there may be situations where it is best to leave a leader in place. He may be losing legitimacy within the group, a leadership struggle may be under way that will lead to the undermining of the group, or the leader may already have decided to end the campaign by pursuing negotiations or making other conciliatory gestures. He thus may be as needed by the counterterrorist forces as by his followers.

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